We love hiking and being in nature and the minimalist feel it provides. Both adults in our family of 3 were scouts, so we’re more comfortable when we’re well prepared on either a hiking or camping trip.
The best way to prepare before you head out on the trail, is to go through a checklist of the ten essentials for kids. This list is divided into ten categories to help you make sure you’re packing only the basic items for survival so your kid’s backpack isn’t weighed down.
Most kids love carrying their own backpack and we’ve always encouraged our son to do so, especially on day hikes.
If you’re heading out on the trails with your family anytime soon, plan ahead with our suggestions for the ten essentials for kids who love to hike.
What are the 10 Essentials?
The 10 essentials are basics that you’d need to survive a night in the wilderness.
- Sun Protection
- First Aid
- Fire Starting
I’ve modified these adult 10 Essentials into the same list, but with kid specific items.
Hiking is all about navigating the trail you’re on. But what if you lose track of the trail? Some trail markers are less obvious than others. If you and your little one get separated, navigation is a skill that will keep them safe.
Another great idea is having your children carry a personal locator beacon so they can send an SOS signal with the push of a button.
Navigation for Young Kids
When you’re camping, a campground map is a good start for navigation for little hikers. Many campgrounds offer maps at the welcome center or office where you check-in.
Mark your campsite number on the top of the paper and circle it on the map. Highlight landmarks on the campsite and show your children how to follow the landmarks to find your tent.
Something my family does is write the campsite number and my contact number on my son’s arm in marker. If he gets lost and can’t remember where he’s going, another camper can help.
Navigation for Teens
Older hikers have a better comprehension of how maps work. In a perfect world, Google Maps will load on a smartphone and your kiddo will be just fine. However, some campsites are a little off-grid, and cell phones can’t be relied on everywhere.
For older kids, I recommend supplying them with:
- Topographic map
- Trail map
- Campsite map
Go over the trail map and topographic map before you head out. Show your teen how to navigate the map with a compass, and to keep the compass on them at all times.
Hiking after dark isn’t a good idea for children. But sometimes the sun goes down quicker than expected. If your littles get caught out after dark, a headlamp is helpful. Headlamps are beneficial because they:
- Keep hands free
- Make kids visible
- Keep light out of children’s eyes
There are plenty of headlamps out there to choose from. Some of my favorites include:
Headlamp for Younger Kids
This whimsical headlamp has a brightly-colored space-themed band. It takes three AAA batteries and includes several light levels for indoor or outdoor play. I especially like that it includes a strobe to make kids visible if lost.
This is a great headlight for little ones because it has a quick-release safety measure. If a child gets snagged on a branch, the band releases.
Headlamp for Older Kids
For tweens and older, the Foxelli headlamp is a nice choice. It comes in several colors for picky pre-teens and charges easily with a USB cord. On one charge, this headlamp runs for 30 hours.
The Foxelli headlamp is waterproof and has a tiltable light to direct light flow. Like the Petzl TIKKID lamp, it has multiple settings.
Sunburn can happen quickly, so sun protection is an essential item to have on the trail.
I usually coat my son in sunblock before heading out on the trail. Sunblock should be reapplied every two hours or as instructed on the product.
Other items for sun protection include:
- Sunblock Stick (For older kids)
Anything can go wrong on the trail, so a first aid kit is something I always pack. If your kids are like mine, they think a bandaid is the solution to every booboo.
On a serious note, having a first aid kit is an essential item for hiking. Lightweight first aid kits come preassembled from many outdoor shops, but you can customize your own at home.
Anything a small child understands how to use properly can be included in a first aid kit. Some of the items I pack for my son include:
- Band aids
- Surgical Tape
- Anti-Itch Cream (for bug bites)
- Antibiotic Ointment
The first aid supplies above should be included in kits for older kids. You can also pack prescription medication such as:
The type of medication you pack depends on your child’s age and ability. If your child hasn’t taken these medications on their own before and can go without them, it’s best to keep them in your own pack.
A simple swiss army knife or a small multi-tool is a great contribution to an emergency pack. You’ll need to gauge how ready your child is to use one. Obviously very young children shouldn’t be given knives.
Most standard swiss army knives include tools such as:
- Knife blade
- Nail File
Advanced models include additional features like:
- Bottle opener
- Can opener
Like other items throughout my ten essentials for kids, I recommend showing your kid how each tool works and talking about knife safety before they use it.
Fire is important for heat and light if you lose track of the trail after dark. Fire isn’t a safe choice for small children on their own. Instead bring items like:
- Pocket flashlight
- Glow sticks
- Air-activated hand warmers
For older children, fire-starting materials might be a good addition to an emergency kit. Some items to consider include:
- Ferro Rod
- Fire Starter Cubes
Fire safety is a big deal for young hikers. I recommend discussing the best places to start a campfire (away from brush and trees if possible), and the best materials to gather.
When we go camping, my husband and I let our son watch us build the fire as practice. He sees the right way to stack wood and light tinder. We also discuss staying back from the fire once it’s lit, and why it’s important not to light a campfire near long grass or dry brush.
A shelter is important to protect hikers from the elements. This is the most overlooked category of the ten essentials, as most people don’t want to admit they could have to spend the night in the woods.
Whether you’re stuck in the woods overnight, or you’ve lost sight of the trail marker and it starts to rain. Access to a quick shelter will keep you warm and dry until you find help.
Two types of shelter that are light and easy for a child to carry include:
Solar blankets are made from mylar or polyethylene. Wrap it around your body to retain heat in the cold. It also reflects heat in the harsh sun. Solar blankets are water proof and wind resistant to deflect the elements while you take shelter.
This solar blanket is a little pricier than some of the mylar options, but worth the extra cost. I like that the polyethylene doesn’t shred and tear like mylar blankets do. The bright orange color is also beneficial if lost in the woods.
The S.O.L. solar blanket weighs only 2.5 oz and measures 56” by 84”. It’s an easy item for your child to pull out of a backpack and wrap around themselves in the cold.
For older children, emergency tents are a good shelter option. These convenient lightweight tents don’t include pegs or posts.
They come in small carrying bags and unfold into a one or two-person tarp-like structure. Tents are then tied to trees or propped up with sticks. If that’s not possible, it’s useable as a sleeping bag.
The Life Tent two-person emergency shelter includes a survival whistle and paracord. The whistle sounds at 120 decibels to be heard over wind and rain. The paracord is 20’ long. The entire kit weighs only 8.7 oz and stuffs into a sack 5.25” by 3.25”.
Even an older child will need some help learning how to use this tent. I recommend a practice run before your hike. Set it up once, and have your child attempt it a few times under supervision. The practice will pay off later.
Food is fuel, and kids need more of it than we realize. Most young children graze throughout the day, and snacks keep them energized. If for some reason you get separated, it’s important your little one has extra food on hand to stay alert.
Like most things you bring when hiking, weight is an important factor in food prep. As you shop, look at the added weight of packaging and water content.
Some of my go-to buys are:
- Peanut Butter Packs
- Protein Bars
- Goldfish Crackers
- Dried Fruit
- Trail Mix
Emergency food needs to keep kids satiated and energized. This is one-time fatty, caloric-dense ingredients are best.
This is one of the ten essentials that a lot of people are already carrying on a daily basis. Make sure each of your hikers has their own water bottle, so no one goes without.
The bottle should be accessible and easy to open independently. If you get separated, it’s nice to know your child can reach and open their water without you.
Recently, I tried this one and loved it:
Yeti is a durable drinkware brand. This 12 oz bottle is insulated to keep water cold. It’s dishwasher safe and has a leak-resistant, easy to open, cap. It also has a stainless steel exterior to protect it when dropped.
Your child may be used to carrying a water bottle at school. A little trick for hiking is to clip the bottle to a backpack to avoid it falling out during the hike. For the bottle above, Yeti offers a limited edition bottle sling to make carrying easy.
Hiking is better in layers, no matter what the weather forecasts. I can’t tell you how many times a sunny day has turned cool without warning.
The key to packing extra clothing to your hike without adding bulk is light layers. There are plenty of brands out there catering to the thin thermal wear market.
No matter which brand you choose, be sure to include a base, mid, and top layer.
This layer includes items like a thin short or long-sleeved shirt and leggings in moisture-wicking fabrics.
The mid-layer adds insulation between your base and top layer. In the cool months, the best mid-layers are made of fleece.
Top layers are designed to fight the elements. They include items such as splash pants, a rain coat, windbreakers, or winter parkas, depending on the season.
As you dress your little one, explain the importance of each layer. Show them how to take extra clothing off and fold them up into a backpack, or tie it around the waist.
It’s always useful to have a few extra tools on hand for added safety. The age-old adage, “It’s better to have it and not need it than need it and not have it”, is never truer than in survival situations.
A couple of the extras I bring along for my family include:
If a child steps off the path or loses sight of you, a whistle will help you find each other again. Whistles produce a loud, high-pitched sound with minimal air. The alternative is shouting for one another. This is problematic because it could lead to voice loss, and then what do you do?
If you’re looking for a whistle for your young hiker, I recommend this one:
LuminAid Camp Critter Kit
The Camp Critter Kit comes in a child-friendly travel bag. Your kiddo can choose from a hedgehog, bear, or chipmunk design. Inside you’ll find a:
- Thermal heat solar blanket
- 36” (88.9cm) paracord
I like this kit because the cute critter bag appeals to young hikers. This makes it more likely they’ll keep the bag on. It also contains important tools to keep kids safe. The whistle and thermal blanket alone is extremely useful if someone gets lost.
Bugs probably won’t pose a mortal threat to your children while hiking, but they sure are annoying. Mosquitos and black flies also leave itchy bites.
There are many types and brands of insect repellent out there. For the safety of little ones, I recommend choosing something with natural ingredients. This one is great:
EarthKind Stay Away Mosquitoes
EarthKind is a natural bug spray and doesn’t use chemical additives like DEET. The formula offers 14-hour protection against ticks and mosquitoes and uses odorless Picaridin.
I like this repellant because it does the trick without the harsh smell or stinging eyes. The formula is waterproof and safe to spray on clothing, with no residue.
Wrapping Up Our 10 Essentials List
I hope these suggestions for emergency items come in handy. The most important thing to remember when hiking with kids of any age is communication and preparation.
Make sure little ones know where the campsite is, have your contact information on hand, and are prepared with items to help them see, be seen, and be heard. Spend time before your next adventure going over these essential items so your kids know what to do in any situation.
As always, stay safe and have fun out there!
I’m Molly Foss, aka Momma Critter. I’ve been camping since I was 9 years old and I always wanted to be Robin Hood and live in the forest when I grew up. I’m excited to share my love of camping with my son as he grows up. My favorite thing to do while camping is roast marshmallows over the fire.